Entering Spain is like entering a fairy country. There are castles and palaces in abundance! To add, there are numerous places of worship belonging to different faiths. The impressive buildings identified by their highly decorated exteriors and their attention to detail in large and small elements have made them masterpieces around the world. Spain ranks number 2 among the countries with the most buildings in UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
If you are planning a trip to Spain in the coming months, be sure to arrange a tour to these world heritage sites that Spain boasts of.
1. Alhambra Palace:
The Alhambra Palace was built as a small palace and fortress in 889, in Granada. In the 13th and 14th centuries, it was the seat of the emirs who were the Moorish rulers of Granada. It is located on hilly terrain as a perfect example of Islamic architecture. It is made entirely of red clay; this explains its peach pink hue.
2. Santiago de Compostela –
Located in the northwestern region of Spain, the famous pilgrimage site commemorates the struggle of Christians against Islam in Spain. It was shot down by the Muslims at the end of the 10th century. However, it was rebuilt soon after. The site has several buildings – Romanesque, Gothic and Baroque – centered around the cathedral and the tomb of the apostle St. James. In 2000 it earned the nickname of the European City of Culture.
3. Works by Antoni Gaudi –
We wouldn’t do this list of architectural wonders justice if we didn’t mention the works of Antonio Gaudi. He was one of the best architects in the world whose works were a perfect blend of the cultural and artistic sensibilities of the time and modern trends in construction. Gaudi was a modernist. There are seven sites in total, all located in and around Barcelona. There are the Sagrada Familia, Parque Guell, Palacio Guell, Casa Batllo, Casa Mila, Casa Vicens and the Crypt of Colonia Guell.
4. Burgos Cathedral –
This Burgos cathedral was dedicated to the Virgin Mary. It has all the features that exemplify Gothic art. It also shows a close resemblance to cathedrals in France in terms of layout. Hired for construction in the 13th century, it was completed in the 16th century. The cathedral houses various chapels, each with its own decoration. The Papamoscas statue is a highlight of Burgos Cathedral.
5. Salamanca Old Town –
The old town of Salamanca sits atop the mountain overlooking the Tormes River, northwest of Madrid. This ancient university city was the settlement of the Romans before it was captured and ruled by the Moors. The Old Town of Salamanca includes several buildings built in the Churrigueresque architectural style. There are two universities (Collegio di Calatrava and Colegio San Ambrosio) and two churches (San Sebastian and Santa Cruz de Canizares) on the ground. The large Plaza Mayor, built in the Baroque style, is another major attraction and is best seen at night. You will find a recommendation on almost everyone travel blog.